PART 7. IMPORT AND QUARANTINE ANIMAL HEALTH CONDITIONS FOR ANIMALS IMPORTED INTO ST. PIERRE AND MIQUELON WITHIN A PERIOD OF LESS THAN SIX MONTHS PRIOR TO INTRODUCTION INTO THE UNION (REFERRED TO IN ARTICLE 6)

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ANIMAL SPECIES COVERED

Taxon
ORDER FAMILY GENUS AND SPECIES
Artiodactyla Camelidae Camelus spp., Lama spp., Vicugna spp.

 

Chapter 1

RESIDENCE AND QUARANTINE

 

  1. Animals imported into St. Pierre and Miquelon must reside in an authorised quarantine station for a minimum period of 60 days before being dispatched for introduction into the Union. This period may be increased due to testing requirements for individual species. In addition the animals must comply with the following requirements:

(a) Separate consignments may enter the quarantine station. However, upon entry in the quarantine station all animals of the same species in the quarantine facility must be considered as a single group, and referred to as such. The quarantine period must commence for the whole group at the time when the last animal entered the quarantine facility.

(b) Within the quarantine station each specific group of animals must be maintained in isolation, with no direct or indirect contact with any other animals, including those from other consignments that may be present.

Each consignment must be kept in the approved quarantine station and protected from vector insects.

(c) If, during the period of quarantine, the isolation of a group of animals is not maintained and contact is made with other animals, the quarantine period must begin again for the same duration as initially prescribed on entry into the quarantine station.

(d) Animals to be introduced into the Union which pass through the quarantine station must be loaded and dispatched directly to the Union:

(i) without coming into contact with animals other than animals which fulfil the health conditions established for the introduction of the relevant category of animal into the Union;

(ii) segregated into consignments so that no consignment can came in contact with animals not eligible for importation into the Union;

(iii) in transport vehicles or containers which have first been cleansed and disinfected with a disinfectant officially authorised in St. Pierre and Miquelon as effective in the control of the diseases referred to in Chapter 2 and which are so constructed that faeces, urine, litter or fodder cannot flow or fall out of the vehicle or container during transportation.

  1. The quarantine premises must at least meet the minimum standards laid down in Annex B to Directive 91/496/EEC <*>, and the following conditions:

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<*> OJ L 268, 24.9.1991, p. 56.

 

(a) they must be supervised by an official veterinarian;

(b) they must be situated at the centre of an area of at least 20 km in diameter in which, according to official findings, for at least 30 days prior to their use as a quarantine station there has been no case of foot-and-mouth disease;

(c) they must, before being used as a quarantine station, be cleansed and disinfected with a disinfectant officially authorised in St Pierre et Miquelon as effective in the control of the diseases referred to in Chapter 2;

(d) they must operate, taking into account their animal capacity:

(i) a facility dedicated exclusively for the quarantine of animals, including adequate housing to a suitable standard for the animals;

(ii) appropriate facilities, that:

— are easy to thouroughly clean and disinfect,

— include facilities for safe loading and unloading,

— are able to fulfil all watering and feeding requirements for the animals,

— allow any necessary veterinary treatment to be easily administered;

(iii) appropriate facilities for inspection and isolation;

(iv) appropriate equipment for cleaning and disinfecting rooms and transport vehicles;

(v) an appropriate storage area for fodder, litter and manure;

(vi) an appropriate system for collecting waste water;

(vii) an office for the official veterinarian;

(e) when operating, they must have sufficient veterinarians to carry out all duties;

(f) they must only admit animals that are individually identified so as to guarantee traceability. To this end, when animals are admitted the owner or the person in charge of the quarantine station must ensure that the animals are properly identified and accompanied by health certificates for the species and categories involved. In addition, the owner or the person in charge of the quarantine station must record on a register or in a data base, and retain for at least three years, the name of the owner, the origin of the animals in the consignment, the dates of entry and exit of the animals in the consignment, the identification number of the animals in the consignment and their place of destination;

(g) the competent authority must determine the procedure for official supervision of the quarantine station and must ensure that such supervision is carried out; this supervision must include regular inspections in order to ascertain that the requirements for approval continue to be fulfilled. In case of failure and suspension, the approval may only be restored when the competent authority is satisfied that the quarantine premises are in full compliance with all the conditions set out in points (a) to (g).

 

Chapter 2

ANIMAL HEALTH TESTS

  1. General requirements

 

The animals must be subjected to the following tests carried out on samples of blood taken, if not specified otherwise, not earlier than 21 days from the date of commencement of the isolation period.

The laboratory tests must be carried out in an approved laboratory in the Union and all laboratory tests and their results, vaccinations and treatments must be enclosed with the health certificate.

In order to keep animal interventions to a minimum, sampling, tests and any vaccinations must be grouped as far as is possible whilst respecting the minimum time intervals required by the testing protocols set out in Part 2 of this Chapter.

 

  1. Specific requirements

 

2.1 Camelidae

2.1.1 Tuberculosis

(a) Test to be used: comparative intradermal reaction test using Bovine purified protein derivative (PPD) and Avian PPD conforming to the standards for the manufacture of bovine and avian tuberculins as described in point 2.1.2 of Annex B of Directive 64/432/EEC.

The test must be executed in the area behind the shoulder (axillary region) following the technique described in point 2.2.4 of Annex B of Directive 64/432/EEC.

(b) Timing: the animals must be tested within two days from the date of arrival in the quarantine station and 42 days from the date of the first test.

(c) Interpretation of tests:

the reaction shall be considered:

— negative if the increased skin thickness is less than 2 mm.

— positive if the increased skin thickness is more than 4 mm.

— inconclusive if the increased skin thickness to the bovine PPD is between 2 mm and 4 mm, or more than 4 mm but less then the reaction to the avian PPD.

(d) Options for action following testing:

If an animal presents a positive result to the intradermal-reaction to the bovine PPD, that animal shall be excluded from the group and the other animals shall be re-tested starting at least 42 days from the date of the first positive test was administered and this shall be considered as the first test described in (b).

If more than one animal of the group presents a positive result, the whole group shall be rejected for exportation to the Union.

If one or more animals of the same group present an inconclusive reaction, the whole group shall be re-tested starting at least 42 days from the date of the first test was administered and it shall be considered as the first test described in (b).

2.1.2 Brucellosis

(a) Test to be used:

(i) Brucella abortus: Rose Bengal test (RBT) and Serum agglutination test (SAT) as described respectively in points 2.5 and 2.6 of Annex C to Directive 64/432/EEC. In the case of a positive result, a complement-fixation test shall be performed for confirmation as described in Part 6 of Annex I to Regulation (EU) No 206/2010.

(ii) Brucella melitensis: RBT and SAT as described respectively in points 2.5 and 2.6 of Annex C to Directive 64/432/EEC. In the case of a positive result, a complement-fixation test following the method described in Annex C to Directive 91/68/EEC shall be performed for confirmation.

(iii) Brucella ovis: Complement fixation test as described in Annex D to Directive 91/68/EEC

(b) Timing: the animals have to be tested within two days from the date of their arrival in the quarantine station and 42 days from the date of the first test.

(c) Interpretation of tests:

A positive reaction to the tests shall be as defined in Annex C to Directive 64/432/EEC.

(d) Options for action following testing:

Animals tested positive to one of the tests shall be excluded from the group and the other animals shall be re-tested starting at least 42 days from the date the first positive test was performed: this shall be considered as the first test described in (b).

Only the animals that tested negative to two consecutive tests performed as described in (b) shall be allowed for the introduction to the Union.

2.1.3 Bluetongue and Epizootic haemorrhagic disease (EHD)

(a) Test to be used: agar gel immunodiffusion (AGID) test as described in Part 6 of Annex I to Regulation (EU) No 206/2010.

In case of a positive reaction the animals shall be tested with competitive ELISA test as described in Part 6 of Annex I to Regulation (EU) No 206/2010 to discriminate between the two diseases.

(b) Timing:

The animals must be tested with negative result to two tests: the first within two days from the date of their arrival in the quarantine station and the second at least 21 days from date of the first test.

(c) Options for action following testing:

(i) Bluetongue

If one or more animals tested positive to the ELISA as described in Part 6 of Annex I to Regulation (EU) No 206/2010, the positive animal/animals shall be excluded from the group, and all the remaining animals in the group must be quarantined for 100 days starting from the date on which the samples for the positive test were collected. The group shall only be considered free of the bluetongue disease if regular checks carried out by official veterinarians throughout the duration of the quarantine period fail to reveal clinical symptoms of disease, and the quarantine station remains free of bluetongue vectors (Culicoides).

If a further animal presents clinical symptoms of bluetongue disease during the quarantine period as described in the first subparagraph, all the animals in the group shall be rejected for introduction into the Union.

(ii) Epizootic haemorrhagic disease (EHD)

If one or more animals tested positive reveal the presence of antibodies to the EHD virus during confirmatory ELISA testing, the animal(s) shall be considered positive and shall be excluded from the group, and the whole group shall be subject to repeat testing beginning at least 21 days from the date of the initial positive diagnosis and again at least 21 days from the date of the repeat test, both with negative results.

If any additional animals are tested positive during either or both of the two tests carried out for repeat testing, the whole group of animals shall be rejected for introduction into the Union.

2.1.4 Foot-and-Mouth Disease (FMD)

(a) Test to be used: Diagnostic tests (probang and serology) using ELISA and (Virus Neutralisation) (VN) techniques in accordance with the Protocols described in Part 6 of Annex I to Regulation (EU) No 206/2010.

(b) Timing: the animals shall be tested with negative results to two tests: the first within two days from the date of their arrival in the quarantine station and the second at least 42 days from the date of the first test.

(c) Options for action following testing: If any animal tests positive for the FMD virus, then none of the animals present in the quarantine station shall be considered as eligible for introduction into the Union.

Note: Any detection of antibodies to structural or not structural proteins of FMD virus shall be considered as a result of previous infection of FMD irrespective of the vaccination status.

2.1.5 Rinderpest

(a) Test to be used: The competitive ELISA test as described in the OIE Manual of Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals, latest version, is the prescribed test for international trade and is test of choice. Serum neutralisation test, or other recognised tests in accordance with the protocols described in relevant sections of the OIE manual may also be used.

(b) Timing: the animals shall be tested twice: the first within two days from the date of their arrival in the quarantine station and the second at least 42 days from the date of the first test.

(c) Options for action following testing: If any animal tests positive for the Rinderpest virus, then none of the animals present in the quarantine station shall be considered as eligible for introduction into the Union.

2.1.6 Vesicular stomatitis

(a) Test to be used: ELISA, virus neutralisation test, or other recognised test in accordance with the protocols described in the relevant sections of the OIE manual.

(b) Timing: the animals shall be tested twice: the first within two days from the date of their arrival in the quarantine station and the second at least 42 days from the date of the first test.

(c) Options for action following testing: If any animal tests positive for vesicular stomatitis virus, then none of the animals present in the quarantine station shall be considered as eligible for introduction into the Union.

2.1.7 Rift valley fever

(a) Test to be used: ELISA, virus neutralisation test, or other recognised test in accordance with the protocols described in relevant sections of the OIE manual.

(b) Timing: the animals shall be tested twice: the first within two days from the date of their arrival in the quarantine station and the second at least 42 days from the date of the first test.

(c) Options for action following testing: If any animal displays evidence of exposure to rift valley fever agent, then none of the animals present in the quarantine station shall be considered as eligible for introduction into the Union.

2.1.8 Lumpy skin disease

(a) Test to be used: Serology using ELISA, virus neutralisation test, or other recognised test in accordance with the protocols described in relevant sections of the OIE manual.

(b) Timing: the animals shall be tested twice: the first within two days from the date of their arrival in the quarantine station and the second at least 42 days from the date of the first test.

(c) Options for action following testing: If any animal displays evidence of exposure to lumpy skin disease, then none of the animals present in the quarantine station shall be considered as eligible for introduction into the Union.

2.1.9 Crimean congo haemorrhagic fever

(a) Test to be used: ELISA, virus neutralisation test, Immunofluorescence test or other recognised test.

(b) Timing: the animals shall be tested twice: the first within two days from the date of their arrival in the quarantine station and the second at least 42 days from the date of the first test.

(c) Options for action following testing: If any animal displays evidence of exposure to crimean congo haemorrhagic fever agent, then none of the animals present in the quarantine station shall be considered as eligible for introduction into the Union.

2.1.10 Surra (Trypanosoma evansi (T. evansi))

(a) Test to be used: The parasitic agent can be identified in concentrated blood samples in accordance with the protocols described in relevant sections of the OIE manual.

(b) Timing: the animals shall be tested twice: the first within two days from the date of their arrival in the quarantine station and the second at least 42 days from the date of the first test.

(c) Options for action following testing: If T. evansi is detected in any animal in the consignment, then that animal shall be considered not eligible for introduction into the Union. The remaining animals of the group shall then undergo internal and external antiparasitic treatment using suitable agents that are effective against T. evansi.

2.1.11 Malignant catarrhal fever

(a) Test to be used: Detection of viral DNA based on identification by immunofluorescence or immunocytochemistry using the protocols described in relevant sections of the OIE manual.

(b) Timing: the animals shall be tested twice: the first within two days from the date of their arrival in the quarantine station and the second at least 42 days from the date of the first test.

(c) Options for action following testing: If any animal displays evidence of exposure to MCF, then none of the animals present in the quarantine station shall be considered as eligible for introduction into the Union.

2.1.12 Rabies

Vaccination: Rabies vaccination may be carried out when requested by the Member State of destination and the animal shall be blood sampled and a serum neutralisation test for antibodies carried out.

2.1.13 Enzootic bovine leucosis. (only in the case where the animals are destined for an officially enzootic-bovine-leucosis free Member State or region, as referred to in Article 2(2)(k) of Directive 64/432/EEC)

(a) Test to be used: AGID or blocking ELISA, in accordance with the protocols described in the OIE manual, latest version.

(b) Timing: the animals shall be tested twice: the first within two days from the date of their arrival in the quarantine station and the second at least 42 days from the date of the first test.

(c) Options for action following testing: animals tested positive to the test described in (a) shall be excluded from the group of animals in the quarantine facility and the other animals shall be re-tested starting at least 21 days from the date of the first positive test was performed: this shall be considered as the first test described in (b).

Only the animals that tested negative to two consecutive tests performed as described in (b) shall be considered eligible for introduction into the Union.

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