Регламент N 649/2012 Европейского парламента и Совета Европейского Союза «Об экспорте и импорте опасных химикатов (в новой редакции)» [рус., англ.] Часть 7

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REGULATION (EU) No. 649/2012
OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL CONCERNING THE EXPORT AND IMPORT OF HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS
(RECAST)
(Strasbourg, 4.VII.2012)
(Text with EEA relevance)
(Amended by: Commission Delegated Regulation (EU)
No 1078/2014 of 7 August 2014)
(Corrected by: Corrigendum, OJ L 363, 18.12.2014, 185 (1078/2014))

The European Parliament and the Council of the European Union,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and in particular Article 192(1) and Article 207 thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the European Commission,

After transmission of the draft legislative act to the national parliaments,

Having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee <*>,

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<*> OJ C 318, 29.10.2011, p. 163.

 

After consulting the Committee of the Regions, Acting in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure <*>,

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<*> Position of the European Parliament of 10 May 2012 (not yet published in the Official Journal) and decision of the Council of 26 June 2012.

 

Whereas:

(1) Regulation (EC) No 689/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008 concerning the export and import of dangerous chemicals <*> has been substantially amended several times. Since further amendments are to be made, Regulation (EC) No 689/2008 should be recast in the interest of clarity.

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<*> OJ L 204, 31.7.2008, p. 1.

 

(2) Regulation (EC) No 689/2008 implements the Rotterdam Convention on the prior informed consent procedure for certain hazardous chemicals and pesticides in international trade <*> (the «Convention»), which entered into force on 24 February 2004, and replaces Regulation (EC) No 304/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 28 January 2003 concerning the export and import of dangerous chemicals <**>.

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<*> OJ L 63, 6.3.2003, p. 29.

<**> OJ L 63, 6.3.2003, p. 1.

 

(3) For reasons of clarity and consistency with other relevant Union legislation, certain definitions should be introduced or clarified and terminology should be aligned with that used in Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2006 concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) and establishing a European Chemicals Agency <*>, on the one hand, and Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2008 on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures <**> on the other hand. It is appropriate to ensure that this Regulation reflects the transitional provisions of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008, in order to avoid any inconsistencies between the timetable of application of that Regulation and this Regulation.

———————————

<*> OJ L 396, 30.12.2006, p. 1.

<**> OJ L 353, 31.12.2008, p. 1.

 

(4) The Convention allows Parties the right to take action that is more stringently protective of human health and the environment than that called for in the Convention, provided that such action is consistent with the provisions of the Convention and is in accordance with international law. It is necessary and appropriate, in order to ensure a higher level of protection of the environment and the general public of importing countries, to go further than the provisions of the Convention in certain respects.

(5) As regards the participation of the Union in the Convention, it is essential to have a single contact point for Union interaction with the Secretariat of the Convention (the «Secretariat») and other Parties to the Convention as well as with other countries. The Commission should act as that contact point.

(6) There is a need to ensure the effective coordination and management of technical and administrative aspects of this Regulation at Union level. The Member States and the European Chemicals Agency established by Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (the «Agency») have the competence and experience in implementing Union legislation on chemicals and international agreements on chemicals. The Member States and the Agency should, therefore, carry out tasks with regard to the administrative, technical and scientific aspects of the implementation of the Convention through this Regulation, as well as the exchange of information. In addition, the Commission, the Member States and the Agency should cooperate in order to implement the Union’s international obligations under the Convention effectively.

(7) Given that certain tasks of the Commission should be transferred to the Agency, the European Database on Export and Import of Dangerous Chemicals initially established by the Commission should be further developed and maintained by the Agency.

(8) Exports of hazardous chemicals that are banned or severely restricted within the Union should continue to be subject to a common export notification procedure. Accordingly, hazardous chemicals, whether in the form of substances on their own or in mixtures or in articles, which have been banned or severely restricted by the Union as plant protection products, as other forms of pesticides, or as industrial chemicals for use by professional users or by the public, should be subject to export notification rules similar to those applicable to such chemicals when they are banned or severely restricted within either or both of the use categories laid down in the Convention, namely as pesticides or chemicals for industrial use. In addition, chemicals subject to the international prior informed consent (PIC) procedure (the «PIC procedure») should also be subject to the same export notification rules. That common export notification procedure should apply to Union exports to all third countries, whether or not they are Parties to the Convention or participate in its procedures. Member States should be permitted to charge administrative fees, in order to cover their costs in carrying out this procedure.

(9) Exporters and importers should be obliged to provide information concerning the quantities of chemicals in international trade covered by this Regulation so that the impact and effectiveness of the arrangements laid down therein can be monitored and assessed.

(10) Notifications to the Secretariat of Union or Member State final regulatory actions banning or severely restricting chemicals, with a view to their inclusion in the PIC procedure, should be submitted by the Commission in cases where the criteria laid down in the Convention in this regard are met. Additional information to support such notifications should be sought where necessary.

(11) In cases where Union or Member State final regulatory actions do not qualify for notification because they do not meet the criteria laid down in the Convention, information concerning the actions should nevertheless be conveyed to the Secretariat and other Parties to the Convention in the interests of exchange of information.

(12) It is also necessary to ensure that the Union takes decisions with regard to the import into the Union of chemicals that are subject to the PIC procedure. These decisions should be based on applicable Union legislation and take into account bans or severe restrictions imposed by Member States. Where justified, amendments to Union legislation should be proposed.

(13) Arrangements are needed to ensure that Member States and exporters are aware of the decisions of importing countries as regards chemicals that are subject to the PIC procedure, and that exporters comply with those decisions. Furthermore, in order to prevent undesired exports, no chemicals banned or severely restricted within the Union that meet the criteria for notification under the Convention or that are subject to the PIC procedure should be exported unless the explicit consent of the importing country concerned has been sought and obtained, whether or not that country is a Party to the Convention. At the same time, an exemption from this obligation is appropriate in relation to exports of certain chemicals to countries that are members of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) provided that certain conditions are met. Furthermore, a procedure is needed to deal with cases in which, despite all reasonable efforts, no response is obtained from the importing country, so that exports of certain chemicals may proceed on a temporary basis under specified conditions. It is also necessary to provide for periodic review of all such cases as well as those in which explicit consent is obtained.

(14) It is also important that all chemicals exported have an adequate shelf-life so that they may be used effectively and safely. As regards pesticides, in particular those exported to developing countries, it is essential that information about appropriate storage conditions be provided and that suitable packaging and sizes of containers be used to avoid creating obsolete stocks.

(15) Articles containing chemicals do not fall within the scope of the Convention. Nevertheless, it seems appropriate that articles, as defined in this Regulation, containing chemicals that could be released under certain conditions of use or disposal and that are banned or severely restricted in the Union within one or more of the use categories laid down in the Convention or are subject to the PIC procedure should also be subject to the export notification rules. Furthermore, certain chemicals and articles containing specific chemicals falling outside the scope of the Convention but giving rise to particular concern should not be exported at all.

(16) In accordance with the Convention, information on transit movements of chemicals subject to the PIC procedure should be provided to Parties to the Convention who request such information.

(17) Union rules on packaging and labelling and other safety information should apply to all chemicals when intended for export to Parties and other countries unless those provisions would conflict with any specific requirements of those countries, taking into account relevant international standards. Since Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 established new provisions on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures, a reference to that Regulation should be included in this Regulation.

(18) In order to ensure effective control and enforcement, Member States should designate authorities such as customs authorities that should have the responsibility of controlling imports and exports of chemicals covered by this Regulation. The Commission, supported by the Agency, and the Member States have a key role to play and should act in a targeted and coordinated way. Member States should provide for appropriate penalties in the event of infringements.

(19) In order to facilitate customs control and to reduce the administrative burden for both exporters and authorities, a system of codes to be used in export declarations should be established. Special codes should also be used, as appropriate, for chemicals exported for the purpose of research or analysis in quantities that are unlikely to affect human health or the environment and that in any event do not exceed 10 kg from each exporter to each importing country per calendar year.

(20) Exchange of information, shared responsibility and cooperative efforts between the Union and the Member States and third countries should be promoted with a view to ensuring sound management of chemicals, whether or not those third countries are Parties to the Convention. In particular, technical assistance to developing countries and countries with economies in transition should be provided directly by the Commission and the Member States, or indirectly via support for projects by non-governmental organisations, especially assistance seeking to enable those countries to implement the Convention, thereby contributing to the prevention of harmful effects of chemicals on human health and the environment.

(21) There should be regular monitoring of the operation of the procedures if they are to be effective. To this end, Member States and the Agency should regularly submit reports in standardised form to the Commission, which should in turn regularly report to the European Parliament and the Council.

(22) Technical notes for guidance should be drawn up by the Agency to assist the designated authorities, including such authorities as customs authorities controlling exports, exporters and importers, in the application of this Regulation.

(23) In order to adapt this Regulation to technical progress, the power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) should be delegated to the Commission in respect of inclusion of chemicals in Part 1 or 2 of Annex I and other amendments to that Annex, inclusion of chemicals in Part 1 or 2 of Annex V and other amendments to that Annex, and amendments to Annexes II, III, IV and VI. It is of particular importance that the Commission carry out appropriate consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level. The Commission, when preparing and drawing up delegated acts, should ensure a simultaneous, timely and appropriate transmission of relevant documents to the European Parliament and to the Council.

(24) In order to ensure uniform conditions for the implementation of this Regulation, implementing powers should be conferred on the Commission. Those powers should be exercised in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 2011 laying down the rules and general principles concerning mechanisms for control by Member States of the Commission’s exercise of implementing powers <*>.

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<*> OJ L 55, 28.2.2011, p. 13.

 

(25) Since the objectives of this Regulation, namely to ensure coherent and effective implementation of the Union’s obligations under the Convention, cannot be sufficiently achieved by the Member States and can therefore, by reason of the necessity to harmonise the rules concerning imports and exports of hazardous chemicals, be better achieved at Union level, the Union may adopt measures, in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity as set out in Article 5 of the Treaty on European Union. In accordance with the principle of proportionality, as set out in that Article, this Regulation does not go beyond what is necessary in order to achieve those objectives.

(26) Regulation (EC) No 689/2008 should be repealed.

(27) It is appropriate to provide for the deferred application of this Regulation so as to allow the Agency sufficient time to prepare for its new role and allowing industry to familiarise itself with the new procedures,

Have adopted this Regulation:

 

Article 1

Objectives

 

  1. The objectives of this Regulation are to:

(a) implement the Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade (the «Convention»);

(b) promote shared responsibility and cooperative efforts in the international movement of hazardous chemicals in order to protect human health and the environment from potential harm;

(c) contribute to the environmentally sound use of hazardous chemicals.

The objectives set out in the first subparagraph shall be achieved by facilitating the exchange of information concerning the characteristics of hazardous chemicals, by providing for a decision-making process within the Union on their import and export and by disseminating decisions to Parties and other countries as appropriate.

  1. In addition to the objectives set out in paragraph 1, this Regulation shall ensure that the provisions of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 relating to classification, labelling and packaging apply to all chemicals when they are exported from the Member States to other Parties or other countries, unless those provisions would conflict with any specific requirements of those Parties or other countries.

 

Article 2

Scope

 

  1. This Regulation shall apply to:

(a) certain hazardous chemicals that are subject to the prior informed consent procedure under the Convention (the «PIC procedure»);

(b) certain hazardous chemicals that are banned or severely restricted within the Union or a Member State;

(c) chemicals when exported in so far as their classification, labelling and packaging are concerned.

  1. This Regulation shall not apply to any of the following:

(a) narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances covered by Council Regulation (EC) No 111/2005 of 22 December 2004 laying down rules for the monitoring of trade between the Community and third countries in drug precursors <*>;

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<*> OJ L 22, 26.1.2005, p. 1.

 

(b) radioactive materials and substances covered by Council Directive 96/29/Euratom of 13 May 1996 laying down basic safety standards for the protection of the health of workers and the general public against the dangers arising from ionizing radiation <*>;

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<*> OJ L 159, 29.6.1996, p. 1.

 

(c) wastes covered by Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on waste <*>;

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<*> OJ L 312, 22.11.2008, p. 3.

 

(d) chemical weapons covered by Council Regulation (EC) No 428/2009 of 5 May 2009 setting up a Community regime for the control of exports, transfer, brokering and transit of dual-use items <*>;

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<*> OJ L 134, 29.5.2009, p. 1.

 

(e) food and food additives covered by Regulation (EC) No 882/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on official controls performed to ensure the verification of compliance with feed and food law, animal health and animal welfare rules <*>;

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<*> OJ L 165, 30.4.2004, p. 1.

 

(f) feedingstuffs covered by Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 28 January 2002 laying down the general principles and requirements of food law, establishing the European Food Safety Authority and laying down procedures in matters of food safety <*>, including additives, whether processed, partially processed or unprocessed, intended to be used for oral feeding to animals;

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<*> OJ L 31, 1.2.2002, p. 1.

 

(g) genetically modified organisms covered by Directive 2001/18/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 March 2001 on the deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified organisms <*>;

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<*> OJ L 106, 17.4.2001, p. 1.

 

(h) save to the extent covered by Article 3(5)(b) of this Regulation, proprietary medicinal products and veterinary medicinal products covered by Directive 2001/83/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 November 2001 on the Community code relating to medicinal products for human use <*> and Directive 2001/82/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 November 2001 on the Community code relating to veterinary medicinal products <**> respectively.

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<*> OJ L 311, 28.11.2001, p. 67.

<**> OJ L 311, 28.11.2001, p. 1.

 

  1. This Regulation shall not apply to chemicals exported for the purpose of research or analysis in quantities that are unlikely to affect human health or the environment and that in any event do not exceed 10 kg from each exporter to each importing country per calendar year.

Notwithstanding the first subparagraph, exporters of the chemicals referred to therein shall obtain a special reference identification number using the Database referred to in Article 6(1)(a) and provide that reference identification number in their export declaration.

 

Article 3

Definitions

 

For the purposes of this Regulation, the following definitions shall apply:

(1) «chemical» means a substance, whether by itself or in a mixture, or a mixture, whether manufactured or obtained from nature, but does not include living organisms, which belongs to either of the following categories:

(a) pesticides, including severely hazardous pesticide formulations;

(b) industrial chemicals;

(2) «substance» means any chemical element and its compounds as defined in point 1 of Article 3 of Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006;

(3) «mixture» means a mixture or a solution as defined in point 8 of Article 2 of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008;

(4) «article» means a finished product containing or including a chemical, the use of which has been banned or severely restricted by Union legislation in that particular product where that product does not fall under point 2 or 3;

(5) «pesticides» means chemicals in either of the following subcategories:

(a) pesticides used as plant protection products covered by Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009 concerning the placing of plant protection products on the market <*>;

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<*> OJ L 309, 24.11.2009, p. 1.

 

(b) other pesticides, such as:

(i) biocidal products under Directive 98/8/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 1998 concerning the placing of biocidal products on the market <*>; and

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<*> OJ L 123, 24.4.1998, p. 1.

 

(ii) disinfectants, insecticides and parasiticides covered by Directives 2001/82/EC and 2001/83/EC;

(6) «industrial chemicals» means chemicals in either of the following subcategories:

(a) chemicals for use by professionals;

(b) chemicals for use by the public;

(7) «chemical subject to export notification» means any chemical that is banned or severely restricted within the Union within one or more categories or subcategories, and any chemical listed in Part 1 of Annex I that is subject to the PIC procedure;

(8) «chemical qualifying for PIC notification» means any chemical that is banned or severely restricted within the Union or a Member State within one or more categories. Chemicals banned or severely restricted in the Union within one or more categories are listed in Part 2 of Annex I;

(9) «chemical subject to the PIC procedure» means any chemical listed in Annex III to the Convention and in Part 3 of Annex I to this Regulation;

(10) «banned chemical» means either of the following:

(a) a chemical all uses of which within one or more categories or subcategories have been prohibited by final regulatory action by the Union in order to protect human health or the environment;

(b) a chemical that has been refused approval for first-time use or has been withdrawn by industry either from the Union market or from further consideration in a notification, registration or approval process and where there is evidence that the chemical raises concern for human health or the environment;

(11) «severely restricted chemical» means either of the following:

(a) a chemical, virtually all use of which within one or more categories or subcategories has been prohibited by final regulatory action by the Union in order to protect human health or the environment, but for which certain specific uses remain allowed;

(b) a chemical that has, for virtually all uses, been refused for approval or been withdrawn by industry either from the Union market or from further consideration in a notification, registration or approval process, and where there is evidence that the chemical raises concern for human health or the environment;

(12) «chemical banned or severely restricted by a Member State» means any chemical that is banned or severely restricted by national final regulatory action of a Member State;

(13) «final regulatory action» means a legally binding act the purpose of which is to ban or severely restrict a chemical;

(14) «severely hazardous pesticide formulation» means a chemical formulated for use as a pesticide that produces severe health or environmental effects observable within a short period of time after single or multiple exposure, under conditions of use;

(15) «customs territory of the Union» means the territory as determined in Article 3 of Council Regulation (EEC) No 2913/92 of 12 October 1992 establishing the Community Customs Code <*>;

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<*> OJ L 302, 19.10.1992, p. 1.

 

(16) «export» means the following:

(a) the permanent or temporary export of a chemical meeting the conditions of Article 28(2) TFEU;

(b) the re-export of a chemical not meeting the conditions of Article 28(2) TFEU which is placed under a customs procedure other than the external Union transit procedure for movement of goods through the customs territory of the Union;

(17) «import» means the physical introduction into the customs territory of the Union of a chemical that is placed under a customs procedure other than the external Union transit procedure for movement of goods through the customs territory of the Union;

(18) «exporter» means any of the following persons, whether natural or legal:

(a) the person on whose behalf an export declaration is made, that is to say the person who, at the time the declaration is accepted, holds the contract with the consignee in a Party or other country and has the power to determine that the chemical be sent out of the customs territory of the Union;

(b) where no export contract has been concluded or where the holder of the contract does not act on its own behalf, the person who has the power to determine that the chemical be sent out of the customs territory of the Union;

(c) where the benefit of a right to dispose of the chemical belongs to a person established outside the Union pursuant to the contract on which the export is based, the contracting party established in the Union;

(19) «importer» means any natural or legal person who at the time of import into the customs territory of the Union is the consignee for the chemical;

(20) «Party to the Convention» or «Party» means a State or a regional economic integration organisation that has consented to be bound by the Convention and for which the Convention is in force;

(21) «other country» means any country that is not a Party;

(22) «Agency» means the European Chemicals Agency established under Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006;

(23) «Secretariat» means the Secretariat of the Convention, unless otherwise specified in this Regulation.

 

Article 4

Designated national authorities of the Member States

 

Each Member State shall designate the authority or authorities (the «designated national authority» or the «designated national authorities») to carry out the administrative functions required by this Regulation, unless it has already done so before the entry into force of this Regulation.

It shall inform the Commission of such designation by 17 November 2012, unless that information has been already provided before entry into force of this Regulation, and shall also inform the Commission of any change of designated national authority.

 

Article 5

Participation of the Union in the Convention

 

  1. Participation in the Convention shall be a joint responsibility of the Commission and the Member States, in particular as regards technical assistance, the exchange of information and matters relating to dispute settlement, participation in subsidiary bodies and voting.
  2. The Commission shall act as a common designated authority for the administrative functions of the Convention with reference to the PIC procedure on behalf of and in close cooperation and consultation with all the designated national authorities of the Member States.

The Commission shall, in particular, be responsible for the following:

(a) the transmission of Union export notifications to Parties and other countries pursuant to Article 8;

(b) the submission to the Secretariat of notifications of relevant final regulatory actions concerning chemicals qualifying for PIC notification pursuant to Article 11;

(c) the transmission of information concerning other final regulatory actions involving chemicals not qualifying for PIC notification in accordance with Article 12;

(d) the receiving of information from the Secretariat more generally.

The Commission shall also provide the Secretariat with Union import responses for chemicals subject to the PIC procedure pursuant to Article 13.

In addition, the Commission shall coordinate the Union input on all technical issues relating to the following:

(a) the Convention;

(b) the preparation of the Conference of the Parties established by Article 18(1) of the Convention;

(c) the Chemical Review Committee established in accordance with Article 18(6) of the Convention (the «Chemical Review Committee»);

(d) other subsidiary bodies of the Conference of the Parties.

  1. The Commission and the Member States shall take the necessary initiatives to ensure appropriate representation of the Union in the various bodies implementing the Convention.

 

Article 6

Tasks of the Agency

 

  1. The Agency shall, in addition to the tasks allocated to it under Articles 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22 and 25, carry out the following tasks:

(a) maintain, further develop and regularly update a database on export and import of hazardous chemicals (the «Database»);

(b) make the Database publicly available on its website;

(c) where appropriate, provide, with the agreement of the Commission and after consultations with Member States, assistance and technical and scientific guidance and tools for the industry in order to ensure the effective application of this Regulation;

(d) provide, with the agreement of the Commission, the designated national authorities of the Member States with assistance and technical and scientific guidance in order to ensure the effective application of this Regulation;

(e) at the request of Member State or Commission experts of the Chemical Review Committee, and within the available resources, provide input in drafting of decision guidance documents referred to in Article 7 of the Convention and other technical documents related to the implementation of the Convention;

(f) upon request, provide the Commission with technical and scientific input and assist it in order to ensure the effective implementation of this Regulation;

(g) upon request, provide the Commission with technical and scientific input and assist it in exercising its role as the common designated authority of the Union.

  1. The Secretariat of the Agency shall carry out the tasks allocated to the Agency under this Regulation.

 

Article 7

Chemicals subject to export notification, chemicals qualifying for PIC notification, and chemicals subject to the PIC procedure

 

  1. The chemicals subject to export notification, the chemicals qualifying for PIC notification and the chemicals subject to the PIC procedure shall be as listed in Annex I.
  2. Chemicals listed in Annex I shall be assigned to one or more of three groups of chemicals, set out as Parts 1, 2 and 3 of that Annex.

The chemicals listed in Part 1 of Annex I shall be subject to the export notification procedure laid down in Article 8, with detailed information being given on the identity of the substance, on the use category and/or subcategory subject to restriction, the type of restriction and, where appropriate, additional information, in particular on exemptions to requirements for export notification.

The chemicals listed in Part 2 of Annex I shall, in addition to being subject to the export notification procedure laid down in Article 8, qualify for the PIC notification procedure set out in Article 11, with detailed information being given on the identity of the substance and on the use category.

The chemicals listed in Part 3 of Annex I shall be subject to the PIC procedure with the use category being given and, where appropriate, additional information, in particular on any requirements for export notification.

  1. The lists set out in Annex I shall be made publicly available by means of the Database.

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